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The Curious Case of Consultation Fees in General Practice

Today as I was returning home in metro two lawyers occupied the seats next to mine. I was reading A Reader on Reading by Alberto Manguel. But I distinctly heard one of them tell the other "I have two cases tomorrow evening". That set me thinking.

Advocates have "cases" and so do doctors. Advocates have "clients" and so do doctors. (Some doctors call their clients patients because some clients are indeed patients. But some doctors call even their patients clients, appreciating the fact that ultimately the people who come to them are dignified individuals seeking a service and with autonomy in choosing service providers.)

Advocates are also notorious for charging sometimes lakhs for an "appearance". But here doctors have itt slightly different. Doctors also get called money-minded and unscrupulous, but they get called so for charging much less than what advocates usually charge. Why is this so?

I came up with various possible reasons. One, the huge lawyer fees that we hear about usually are in big courts for defending big crimes. Perhaps the stakes are really high in those situations. To add to that, a court case is usually once in a lifetime situation for most people and one they probably have never encountered before. Therefore the clients are in a much more vulnerable situation and would be willing to pay a lot.

This "high stakes" reason appears correct because there is similarity in healthcare. When you go to a hospital with a heart attack, you don't care how much the hospital charges are going to be, you just want your (chest) pain free life back. But when you have a cold (which is probably the 14th time you are having it in your lifetime), you know it is going to be better in a few days and there is no real reason to spend lots of money.

That probably explains why the market rates in general practice is very small. People usually present with simple illnesses and a sense that their illness is a simple one. Therefore there is not much value they are seeking from the doctor - most clients are in for quick relief from symptoms, if possible.

Therein lies the complexity of general practice too. I'll explain that in a bit, but first let us look at one more difference between lawyers and doctors. Lawyers take money from clients and work for clients by being sharp witted and coming up with strong legal arguments. But their "appearance" is in front of a judge. The favorable outcome is defined by the client but realizing that outcome requires very little of the client's participation. Usually, the judgement made by the judge also unequivocally settles the judgement on the lawyer's performance.

Now let us talk about general practice. In general practice, your client does not just pay you, but also has to work with you for their own success. There is no third person involved. The client has to believe in the doctor, has to believe in the advice given by the doctor (that the advice is for their own good), has to follow the advice strictly, and also has to make a judgement about how good the entire process have been. This is where the previous point comes in.

The reason why clients come to a general practitioner is often for quick relief from their symptom. Most of the time in medicine there is no quick relief which is also good. For example, painkillers are quick relief from pain due to strain. But the good thing to do maybe in many cases to take rest and allow body to recover. Common cold may slightly improve with nasal decongestants, but overuse maybe harmful. Sometimes sticking to medicines which cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or many other tolerable side effects are required in the face of greater dangers like multi-drug resistant tuberculosis.

Sometimes the right thing to do in the view of a doctor maybe different from what the client thought would be the right thing to do. This would not be a problem for a lawyer as the client does not have a role in deciding the success of the lawyer's approach to the "case". But when doctors are in this situation they have to use all the skills they have in convincing the client about why there needs to be a change of expectations. And the success of the treatment itself relies on this "winning over" of the client.

And after all that exercise, the client has to pay. ICUs, OTs, and emergency departments have it easy. There is a lot of money to be paid, but most of the work is done by nurses or doctors and the sick person usually just has to lie down on a bed (conscious or not). General practice? Totally different ball game.

With that context, how much is a reasonable consultation fee in general practice? 50? 500? 1000?


Before locking our answer, let us look this from another side. The general practitioner is a small entrepreneur. The GP has a home and has a life. The GP needs to make money to survive. But the GP is also a doctor. No conscientious doctor can do injustice to their profession or their clients. They cannot simply symptomatically treat diseases without thinking about root causes. Diseases have to be managed correctly. Counseling is an important aspect of treatment. And all of that requires time - time to be spent in consultation. And time is money.

The question on consultation fee thus has to be somehow linked to the consultation duration. What is the minimum time a doctor should spend with their client to fulfill their obligation/duty? There can of course not be a single answer to this as every consultation is different. But practically, from my experience, in a single person clinic the doctor (who is the single person) has to spend at least 20 if not 30 minutes in a consultation for there to be some quality.

How much of that can be delegated? Whom to delegate to? Of course in a single doctor clinic the only person to delegate to is the client themselves. Can clients prefill questionnaires about their health condition? Can clients read informational pamphlets instead of having to listen it directly from the doctor? Does trust suffer in attempting such time saving measures? These are all questions with no definite answers.

Does building a healthcare team help? It can definitely help. At Restore Health we have a multi-disciplinary team where a lot of tasks are shared. But still there is considerable amount of time spent by each person of the team in providing care to a client. And we charge 500 in general practice consultations. Are there people who think that is too much? Definitely, yes. Including sometimes our own doctors. But there are times when we have saved the client a lot of money and good health and spent considerably more time in the process. We do not have "dynamic pricing".

Perhaps there needs to be more thought put into showcasing all the value that is created by a GP and monetizing some of that at least. All this while treading on the right side of ethics and not breaking the delicate thread of trust that connects a client to a doctor. Who says general practice is not challenging?

My train of thought was derailed when the train I was sitting in reached my destination. As I stood up to deboard, the lawyer next to me took my seat. Perhaps she was thinking about how much to charge her next client. Perhaps not.

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